**Secondary Mathematics**

Mathematics is the theoretical and applied study of the orderlyorderly elationships between quantities, symbols, and shapes in the universe created by God (Psalm 8).
Our philosophy of mathematics is to equip our students with the math skills and concepts necessary to be: * wise stewards and consumers of God's resources * precise communicators of quantities and theoretical concepts * unashamed workers who are prepared for God's calling in their lives * critical thinkers who are able to make wise decisions based in biblical principles We strive to create an environment where each student can learn at a pace that is best for him or her, so the Algebra 1, Geometry, and Algebra 2 classes may each be offered at two different levels. Additionally, we recommend a couple of online tools for students at any grade. To master the basic facts, students can use the Arithmetic Game Speed Drill or print math worksheets at Math Drills. To get additional instruction and/or review of concepts, we recommend the Khan Academy. An overview of the topics in each course is provided below. 6th Grade: Basic math concepts are taught/reinforced at the 6th grade level. The concepts are as follows: operations, measurement, decimals, fractions, ratios, percents, integers, geometry, equations, and probabilities. 7th Grade:Seventh grade math focuses on problem solving using estimating and a variety of other strategies. Students use the basic operations they have previously learned in whole numbers, fractions, and decimals, as well as learn about positive and negative numbers, ratios and proportions, percents, exponents, graphs, plane geometry, and measurement. Online review and practice can be found here: Prentice Hall Math Course 2 Student Page. 8th Grade: This course introduces many of the concepts, skills, and problem-solving techniques of algebra. It also further develops the student's understanding of the rational number system (fractions and decimals), properties of the fundamental geometric figures, area and volume, and statistics. Algebra 1 and 1A: Foundations are taught for algebra, solving multi-step equations, ratios, and percents, solving inequalities, an introduction to functions, linear functions, systems of equations and inequalities, exponents and exponential functions, polynomials and factoring, quadratic functions and equations, radical expressions and equations, and rational expressions.Geometry: Concepts taught are tools of geometry, reasoning and proof, parallel and perpendicular lines, congruent triangles, relationships within triangles, polygons and quadrilaterals, similarity using ratios and proportions, similar polygons and triangles, right triangles and trigonometry, transformations, area, surface area and volume of different geometric shapes, and tangent lines, chords, arcs and inscribe angles of circles. Algebra 2 and 2A:xpressions, equations and inequalities, functions, equations, and graphs, linear systems, quadratic functions and equations polynomials and polynomial functions, radical functions and rational exponents, exponential and logarithmic functions, rational runctions, sequences and series and quadratic relations and conic sections probability and statistics, and matrices.Concepts taught are e Advanced Math: The goal of this pre-calculus class whose goal is to prepare students for rigorous college-level classes. We start with linear equations and inequalities and then develop polynomial and rational functions, trigonometric functions, the complex number system, exponential and logarithmic functions, and statistics and data analysis. We use graphing to solve and model real world applications. We spend nearly a semester on the trigonometric functions to prepare future engineering students . Then we add sequences and series, as well as combinations and probability )as time allows). Accounting:This elective class introduces students to basic accounting ideas and principles. Assets, liabilities, balance sheets, profit statements, and work sheets are among the concepts learned. The students become proficient in QuickBooks software: a nationally recognized accounting software program used by accounting professionals.There are no prerequisites, but students need to be fairly proficient in math. Consumer Math:This elective class is designed to familiarize the student with basic survival skills in mathematics. It includes the study of banking, compound interest, and checkbook skills.Personal Finance:This is a class designed to help students manage their money now and in the future. Students engage in the Dave Ramsey Financial Peace course over a semester. Budgeting, saving money for emergencies and big purchases are among the featured lessons. This class is a tool needed by every student for their financial independence. Photo credit: Joao Trindade, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ |